Teaching and researching EFL in Japan

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Statistics tools for the mathematically challenged

Statistics Tools

If you are overwhelmed by statistics and don`t know where to start, these tools will see you through to professional results and reporting. Some are free, some require you to be a (free) member, and some require a paid membership. My top pick is Laerd – very reasonable fee for an incredible website that will take you from selecting a test to reporting and graphing the results.

WebStat: Basics to advanced. Research design: how to start.  http://webstat.une.edu.au/

Research tools:Sample Size Calculator, and Margin of Error Calculator. Essential tools to estimate the number of participants you need before starting.  http://www.relevantinsights.com/research-tools

Russ Lenth`s power and sample size. Applets to help you plan your research parameters. http://homepage.stat.uiowa.edu/~rlenth/Power/

Wiki Statistics/Data Analysis http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Statistics/Data_Analysis/Data_Cleaning

Laerd Test Selector (Awesome, awesome website with great support!)  https://statistics.laerd.com/

Raynald`s SPSS Tools (Written by an SPSS enthusiast) http://spsstools.net/

lynda.com (video courses) http://www.lynda.com/

SPSS tutor http://commons.esc.edu/spss/

Statistics help for students http://statistics-help-for-students.com/

Cross Validated (where to ask questions when you have a major, advanced-level statistics problem) http://stats.stackexchange.com/

Result Whacker (for statistical effect sizes) http://www.polyu.edu.hk/mm/effectsizefaqs/calculator/result.html

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How to Structure Your Chapters in 3 Quick Steps

How to structure your writing

Academic Life

Structure photo Structure.jpg

One of the things inexperienced writers struggle the most with is getting the structure right!

And I’m not talking about… ‘first comes the introduction, then the literature review, then the methods, data analysis, results and so on’…

That’s the easy bit. Everyone gets that.

I’m talking about writing the actual chapters and arranging your content in a way that makes sense. That’s when the text suddenly loses its structure. And like a body without skeleton, the whole thing just falls apart.

If you constantly receive feedback along the lines… ‘this chapter is unclear’… ‘there are lots of repetitions’… ‘I cannot see where you are going here’… ‘what is the point you are trying to make?’… ‘I think these paragraphs completely lack focus’… chances are the problem may be in the structure (or rather lack thereof!).

In fact, these are just a few examples of the feedback some of the students I coach receive from their supervisors.

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